Saturday, September 14, 2013
v Old English is a dead language, once used in
during the dark ages. It was similar to Old Norse and Old German. England
v It lasted around 700 years, starting around 400AD, and ending around 1100, being replaced by Middle English (due to the Norman Invasion of 1066).
v Hardly anyone knows Old English anymore (only scholars). You don’t have to learn it. J
v The most famous story in Old English is the Epic poem about the legend of Beowulf.
v Funny enough, the grammar of Old English is very similar to Slovak. Nouns have declensions (nominative, genitive, dative, etc.), they all have a gender (masculine, feminine, neuter). And, in addition to singular and plural, there’s another form of plural called ‘dual’.
invaded Rome ,
Old English was written with runes.
You don’t have to learn them, but they’re pretty, aren’t they? England
v Runes used straight lines because they were easier to carve in stone.
v The Romans introduced the Latin alphabet which was adapted for Old English, which still kept the runes eth (ð), thorn (þ), and wynn (ƿ).
v Many words from Old English are still used today: be, water, strong, gospel.
v Old English ended around 1066 when
was invaded by both the Vikings, whom they defeated, and the French
speaking Normans, who won. Britain
v The Norman king became King William I of
This is the last time England
was ever invaded and beaten by a foreign power. England
v The story of the Norman invasion was recorded on the Bayeux Tapestry (
which is over 70 meters long, with 50 different scenes. Made in ,
it has its own museum now in England
Bayeux . Here’s
the final scene: France